Present time, part I: Simple present

fev 23, 2011 No Comments by

Let’s talk about verb tenses! They’re supposedly easier in English, but it’s important to pay attention to some details, such as auxiliary verbs and word order.

Here you’ll see the structure of Simple Present and its use.

Affirmative:
I/You/We/They drink milk for breakfast.
He/She/It drinks milk for breakfast.

Negative:
I/You/We/They don’t drink milk for breakfast.
He/She/It doesn’t drink milk for breakfast.

Interrogative and short answer:
Do I/you/we/they drink milk for breakfast? Yes, I/you/we/they do. No, I/you/we/they don’t.
Does he/she/it drink milk for breakfast? Yes, he/she/it does. No, he/she/it doesn’t.

Common uses

General truths and facts:
My daughter lives in Berlin.
She’s Swedish. She comes from Stockholm.
I love sushi.

Regular and habitual events:
I get up before six o’clock every day.
We always have breakfast at that café.

Immediate reactions:
It tastes very bitter. Are you sure it’s chocolate?
Ouch, that hurts!

Mental process verbs:
These verbs are usually used in the simple present – hear, know, reckon, see, suppose, think, understand.
I see what you mean.
I think he has lost a bit of weight.
I hear you have a new job – congratulations!

Source: Adapted from Cambridge Grammar of English.

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